Available as of v1.1.0
PCIDevice in Harvester represents a host device with a PCI address.
The devices can be passed through the hypervisor to a VM by creating a
or by using the UI to enable passthrough. Passing a device through the hypervisor means that
the VM can directly access the device, and effectively owns the device. A VM can even install
its own drivers for that device.
This is accomplished by using the
To use the PCI devices feature, users need to enable the
pcidevices-controller addon first.
pcidevices-controller addon is deployed successfully, it can take a few minutes for it to scan and the PCIDevice CRDs to become available.
Enabling Passthrough on a PCI Device
Now go to the
Advanced -> PCI Devicespage:
Search for your device by vendor name (e.g. NVIDIA, Intel, etc.) or device name.
Select the devices you want to enable for passthrough:
Then click Enable Passthrough and read the warning message. If you still want to enable these devices, click Enable and wait for all devices to be
Please do not use
host-ownedPCI devices (e.g., management and VLAN NICs). Incorrect device allocation may cause damage to your cluster, including node failure.
Attaching PCI Devices to a VM
After enabling these PCI devices, you can navigate to the Virtual Machines page and select Edit Config to pass these devices.
Select PCI Devices and use the Available PCI Devices drop-down. Select the devices you want to attach from the list displayed and then click Save.
Using a passed-through PCI Device inside the VM
Boot the VM up, and run
lspci inside the VM, the attached PCI devices will show up, although the PCI address in the VM won't necessarily match the PCI address in the host.
Installing drivers for your PCI device inside the VM
This is just like installing drivers in the host. The PCI passthrough feature will bind the host device to the
vfio-pci driver, which gives VMs the ability to use their own drivers. Here is a screenshot of NVIDIA drivers being installed in a VM. It includes a CUDA example that proves that the device drivers work.
SRIOV Network Devices
Available as of v1.2.0
pcidevices-controller addon can now scan network interfaces on the underlying hosts and check if they support SRIOV Virtual Functions (VFs). If a valid device is found,
pcidevices-controller will generate a new
To create VFs on a SriovNetworkDevice, you can click ⋮ > Enable and then define the Number of Virtual Functions.
pcidevices-controller will define the VFs on the network interface and report the new PCI device status for the newly created VFs.
On the next re-scan, the
pcidevices-controller will create the PCIDevices for VFs. This can take up to 1 minute.
You can now navigate to the PCI Devices page to view the new devices.
We have also introduced a new filter to help you filter PCI devices by the underlying network interface.
The newly created PCI device can be passed through to virtual machines like any other PCI device.